geekchick77: (Default)
[personal profile] geekchick77
I work on a lot of different coding projects, nearly all Python and often but not always Django. I am a huge fan of virtualenvwrapper, but I always find myself editing the activate script to export project-specific variables. It's not hard to do, but it's tedious and definitely repetitive. I also notice there are certain predictable ways I break the build:
  • Forgetting to add a package to requirements
  • Forgetting to run the linter
  • (rarely, but it does happen) Forgetting to run unit tests
I've been on an automation kick lately, and I decided to see what I could do about these issues.

I make use of piplint to check requirements. Note that the pypi version doesn't work on Python 3, but I have an updated fork installable with:


pip install -e git://

As it turns out, virtualenvwrapper is highly customizable, and all I had to do was edit mkvirtualenv in WORKON_HOME to have it modify my activate scripts. While I was in there, I decided to make a skeleton pre-commit hook for the project:

# This hook is run after a new virtualenv is created and before it is activated.

# Automatically set django settings for the virtualenv
echo "export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=$1.settings.development" >> "$1/bin/activate"

# Create a pre-commit hook script that can be copied over as desired
echo "#!/bin/sh
set -e
. $WORKON_HOME/$1/bin/activate
piplint -x requirements/*
jshint $1/static/js
python test $1
" >> "$1/bin/pre-commit"

Now every new virtualenv comes with Django settings prepopulated. If it's not a Django project, that unused environment variable isn't going to hurt anything.

You can add more environment variables later by editing ~/.virtualenvs/<VIRTUAL_ENV_NAME>/bin/activate and adding "export <ENV_VAR>=<VALUE>" entries to the end of the file.

I don't automatically move that pre-commit hook because there is no guarantee I have anywhere to put it. Sometimes I make the virtualenv before I initialized a git repo. However, the hard work has been done so once I make a project, I can simply copy over the hook. Note that the git hook must be made executable or it will be ignored.

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geekchick77: (Default)
Jessamyn Smith

December 2017

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